Textile Society of America


Date of this Version



Textiles as Cultural Expressions: Proceedings of the 11th Biennial Symposium of the Textile Society of America, September 24–27, 2008, Honolulu, Hawaii


Copyright 2008 by the author.


This analysis includes the kinds, colors, and patterns of textile materials, and shows Baekje attained a high level of weaving culture. Baekje was one of three kingdoms of ancient Korea (B.C.18-A.D.660). The territory of Baekje (Fig. 1) was included current Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, Gangwon-do, Chungcheongnambuk-do and Jeollanambuk-do during the fourth century. Also, Baekje influenced Japan many things about textiles including weaving technique. The study analyzed the documentary records of Baekje, such as literature, historical works, excavation reports, and preceding studies.

The kinds of the textile materials of Mahan, pre-country of Baekje, and Baekje were obtained from historical documentations. The textile materials of Mahan were bast fiber fabric (Po), three kinds of silks (Geum, Myeon and Gyeom), woolen fabric (Gae) and leather. Geum is compound woven silk (Fig. 2). Myeon is plain weave. Gyeom is a kind of rib tabby. The name of Baekje textiles was variously described more than Mahan’s. Bast fiber fabrics were the Po of fine fabric and the Ma of coarse fabric. The various kinds of silks were described Geum, Gyeon, Sa, Yeon, Baek, Ra and Gyeom. And there were woolen fabrics (Topdeung like carpet) and leather (Fig. 3).