Textile Society of America


Date of this Version



In Approaching Textiles, Varying Viewpoints: Proceedings of the Seventh Biennial Symposium of the Textile Society of America, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 2000


Copyright © 2000 by the author(s).


During the Andean Middle Horizon, a period that lasted from approximately the eighth to perhaps the twelfth century, a new religion swept the Peruvian coast. In the previous period, known as the Early Intermediate, no single culture nor religion could characterize the entire region. Instead Paracas and later Nasca in the south, Lima in central Peru, and Moche in the north, each developed independent and very strong traditions that included distinct customs, deities, garment styles, textile structures, architecture, and burial pattern. This paper discusses the period following these seemingly strong and independent local cultural traditions along the Peruvian coast when a new religion spread from the adjacent highlands in association with the Wari culture (Figure 1). Some see the spread of Wari as distinctly militaristic and others as a more passive adoption of a new religion following local cultural decline and perhaps both of these scenarios formed part of this developing Peruvian complex (lsbel and McEwan 1991; Shimada 1991).