Date of this Version
UCARE Poster session, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Research Fair, April 2016, Lincoln, NE.
A series of regression analyses were conducted to determine the direct and indirect relationships among individual difference variables to predict body shame at four levels. Tables 1 and 2 report which variables were significantly predictive at each level for men and women, respectively, while Figures 1 and 2 depict the structures of each trimmed model showing only the significant pathways to highlight the structural differences between the models.
The overall fit of the models for men and women were 51.11% and 44.16%, respectively. At the first level, predicting self-objectification, BMI, sexual victimization, and body evaluation were significant predictors for men, while only body evaluation was significant for women.
Predicting body control beliefs at the second level, only trait agency was significant for men while BMI and trait agency were for women. At the same level, BMI, body evaluation, trait agency, and self-objectification all significantly predicted body surveillance for women, while only self-objectification predicted this for men.
Finally, both men and women had multiple significant direct paths among several variables and the criterion (body shame). For men, these were BMI, sexual victimization, trait agency, body control, and body surveillance while for women they were BMI, sexual victimization, body control and body surveillance.