Date of this Version
Hansmeier, H., Brumbaugh, T., Lytle, B., Bizal, K., Ams, A., Stephens, D., Kumar, S., Gervais, S., & DiLillo, D. (2020, April). Individual attitudes and perceived efficacy toward bystander intervention among childhood trauma survivors. Poster accepted for presentation to the Nebraska Student Research Expo, Lincoln, NE.
◉ Childhood abuse and neglect are related to a number of negative outcomes in adulthood, including increased risk for mental health disorders and additional traumatic experiences, poor self-efficacy, and difficulties with interpersonal relationships (Brietzke et al., 2012; Dube et al., 2003; Sachs-Ericsson, Medley, Kendall-Tackett, & Taylor, 2011).
◉ Women who have experienced childhood sexual abuse in particular are at greater risk for lower levels of self-efficacy in adulthood (Diehl & Prout, 2002).
◉ Because sexual abuse survivors experience low self-efficacy, they might feel less confident with regard to engaging in bystander intervention, even though they want to prevent another victim of sexual assault (Bryant, 2001; Yule & Grych, 2017).
◉ Based on this work, we hypothesize that sexual abuse victims will have positive attitudes toward intervening in a risky sexual situation, but they will not feel efficacious enough to do so.