UCARE: Undergraduate Creative Activities & Research Experiences


UCARE Research Products

Date of this Version

Spring 2020

Document Type



Hillebrecht, Courtney. International Human Rights Courts and Criminal Tribunals: The Politics of Backlash. Poster presentation, UCARE Research Fair, Spring 2020, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.


Copyright 2020 by the authors.


Since the end of World War II, the international community has forged human rights accountability systems that have since become increasingly important. The good work done by these international tribunals has come under threat more and more by a process of backlash called tribunal capture, or “the politics of states and individual political leaders seeking to undermine the tribunals by working within the judicialized and legalized landscape of international human rights law” (Hillebrecht). The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) is no exception; since its foundation, it has been largely utilized. However, lack of compliance with its rulings remains to be and underlying problem. Russia, a key member state of the institution, has historically demonstrated cases of systematic noncompliance with rulings of the ECtHR, and continues to do so. This study examined the relations between Russia and the COE since the widely condemned annexation of the Crimean Peninsula in 2014 in order to better understand the processes and ongoing ramifications of tribunal capture.