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Fish and wildlife conservation on the Missouri River is one of the eight congressionally-authorized project purposes of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. In support of this, the Corps manages lands and waters to ensure its availability for future generations and to help preserve healthy ecosystems and biodiversity. This purpose originally focused on maintaining native and game species, but in recent years it has taken on renewed prominence with efforts to recover threatened and endangered species.
The Missouri River is a dynamic ecosystem, creating and maintaining important open water, sandbar, wetland, and forest habitat for a wide diversity of wildlife, including at least 301 species of birds, 156 species of fish, 60 species of mammals and 52 species of reptiles and amphibians. This fact sheet will describe important river habitats and the species that live in them. It will also discuss what the Corps is doing to protect fish and wildlife on the Missouri River.