U.S. Department of Defense


Date of this Version



Published in Hydraulic Engineering: Saving a Threatened Resource—In Search of Solutions: Proceedings of the Hydraulic Engineering sessions at Water Forum ’92. Baltimore, Maryland, August 2–6, 1992. Published by American Society of Civil Engineers.


This paper discusses modified seismic reflection technique tailored to the characterization of bottom and subbottom materials. The application of acoustic impedance principles has resulted in the development of a method for rapidly determining the type and density of subbottom materials scheduled for dredging. Acoustic theory is discussed only in sufficient detail to enable the reader to understand basic concepts.