U.S. Environmental Protection Agency


Document Type


Date of this Version



Published in REMEDIATION (Autumn 2004) 81-96. DOI: 10.1002/rem.20023


Misunderstandings and misconceptions have arisen as the Triad approach has gained wider application. The Triad initiative’s ability to catalyze second-generation cleanup practices will be hampered if inaccurate or incomplete assumptions create persistent confusion about what Triad is or how it works. This article has been prepared by the multi-agency workgroup responsible for articulating the Triad approach and coordinating national Triad efforts. It serves to address some misunderstandings about key Triad concepts. As an aid to those wishing to learn more, a new Web site (the Triad Resource Center, http://www.triadcentral.org) and a new Triad reference document from the Interstate Technology and Regulatory Council (ITRC) are introduced as sources of explanatory information supporting the Triad approach.