Wildlife Damage Management, Internet Center for


Date of this Version

February 1978


Published in Proceedings of the Second Eastern Pine and Meadow Vole Symposium, Beltsville, Maryland, February 23-24, 1978, Ross E. Byers, editor. Copyright © 1978 McAninch.


A great deal of past pine vole (Microtus pinetorum) and meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus) research has focused upon toxicants as a means of population control. The advent of more and more environmental restrictions on chemical uses and toxicant resistance in target populations has created endless research in this area of vole control techniques. The application of wildlife management principles through biological and cultural techniques could serve as a sound foundation upon which to build a vole control program.