Wildlife Damage Management, Internet Center for


Date of this Version

March 1977


Published in Proceedings of the First Eastern Pine and Meadow Vole Symposium, Winchester, WV, March 10-11, 1977, Ross E. Byers, editor. Copyright © 1977 Greene.


At the present time voles are the single most destructive pest in apple orchards in Pennsylvania. No other pest can inflict the type of damage that can kill apple trees as surely as girdling. Orcharding involves tremendous investments ($2,000 - $3,000 per acre) and these investments are being seriously threatened by localized outbreaks of pine and meadow vole infestations.