Wildlife Damage Management, Internet Center for


Date of this Version

March 1977


Published in Proceedings of the First Eastern Pine and Meadow Vole Symposium, Winchester, WV, March 10-11, 1977, Ross E. Byers, editor. Copyright © 1977 Smith.


Many orchardists, nurserymen and Christmas tree grcwers, State extension agents, and a few Fish and Wildlife Service people are aware of the economic problems that pine voles (microtus pinetorum) cause to orchards in the Appalachian Regions of the United States. This is expected for these people have had to deal first hand with economic losses caused by these small mammals. What is unusual and somewhat discouraging is that this problem was identified over forty years ago and that we really know little more about this animal now than we did then.