Date of this Version
Over the last 30 years the wild hog population control program at Great Smoky Mountains National Park has experienced steady growth. The evolution has been relatively slow, and it was not until the latter part of the 1980s that sufficient funds were available to make a serious attempt at control measures. Over the years, the research program has focused on the biology of the wild hog; its reproductive rate; feeding and movement patterns; and its impact on the fauna, flora, and soils of the park. In addition, a major project was conducted to evaluate attractants and baits to increase the trapping success rate in the park. Finally, a population model has been developed to guide management as to the resources necessary to control the population at a satisfactory level. Based on lessons learned, the overall program is reviewed and recommendations are made for a more efficient and effective control program for the 1990s.