Vertebrate Pest Conference Proceedings collection


Date of this Version



Proceedings 18th Vertebrate Pest Conference, ed. R.O. Baker & A.C. Crabb. Published at University of California, Davis, 1998.


Copyright 1998 by the authors


Beginning in July 1991, the North Dakota Game and Fish Department authorized the use of funds in a cost-share program to assist farmers and ranchers with the implementation of nonlethal methods to protect livestock. Fund expenditures are administered and approved by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services, North Dakota program. The program provides a 50:50 cost-share up to a maximum of $150 per purchase of nonlethal items for the protection of livestock from predation. During the six year period from July 1991 to July 1997, the program has cost-shared dogs, donkeys, electronic guards, and llamas. The Great Pyrenees dog breed was the method most frequently selected.