Water Center, The


Date of this Version



Published in Water Environment Research, Volume 77, Number 6 (2005), pp. 561-658. doi: 10.2175/106143005X54326 Copyright © 2005 Water Environment Federation. Used by permission.


Emerging contaminants in the water environment continues to be a strong research focus, as evidenced by the abundance of material published during 2004. This review summarizes peer-reviewed literature pertinent to the field of environmental engineering and science and related to analysis, occurrence, and fate of emerging chemical contaminants in the water environment, focusing on the following broad categories of emerging organic contaminants: antibiotics and pharmaceuticals; personal care products ingredients (PCPIs), endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs), halogenated compounds (particularly brominated and fluorinated compounds), and disinfection byproducts (DBPs). To maintain this focus, articles pertaining specifically to human and ecological toxicity, bioconcentration or bioaccumulation, risk assessments, and innovative treatment and destruction methods are not included in this review. Additionally, summaries of literature covering organometallic compounds are not included in this review as in past years. Because of the sheer volume of literature covered by this topic, this review should not be considered to be comprehensive.