Women's and Gender Studies Program


Date of this Version



Manuscript, 2005?


Copyright 2005(?), S. Boukari. Used by permission.


The goal in this work is to provide a brief overview of the development of Black women‟s education throughout American history and based on some pertinent literatures that highlight not only the tradition of struggle pervasive in people of African Descent lives. In the framework of the historical background, three examples will be used to illustrate women's creative enterprise and contributions to the education of African American children, and overall racial uplift. In doing so, I will refer to how those women struggled to set up schools in a totally hostile society where, race, patriarchy, class and gender, interlocking issues combined to make access to educational institutions difficult for a portion of American population up to the early twentieth century through the present.