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Published in the American Antiquarian Society's Archaeologia Americana, vol. 2, (1836), pp. 1-422.

A 208-page geographical, historical, and cultural introduction is followed by 214 pages of appendices of linguistic materials.

Sect. I. Indian Tribes north of the United States


Kinai, Koluschen, &c., on the Pacific Ocean

Athapascas, (Northern, Cheppeyans, Copper Mine, &c., Sussees, Tacullies)

Sect. II. Algonkin-Lenape and Iroquois,


Northern (Knistinaux, Algonkins, Chippeways, Ottowas, Potowotamies, Mississagues)

Northeastern (Labrador, Micmacs, Etchemins, Abenakis)

Eastern (New England, Mohicans, Manhattans, Long Island, Delawares and Minsi, Nanticokes, Susquehannocks, Conoys, Powhatans, Mannahoks, Pamlicoes)

Western, (Menomonies, Sauks, Foxes, Kickapoos and Mascoutins, Miamis and Piankishaws, Illinois, Shawnoes)


Northern (Wyandots or Hurons, Extinct Tribes, Five Nations)

Southern (Tuteloes, Nottoways, Tuscaroras)

Sect. III. Southern Indians, (east of the Mississippi and in Louisiana)

Extinct Tribes of Carolina

Catawbas; Cherokees (Guess's alphabet)

Muskhogees (proper, Seminoles, Hitchittees,)

Uchees; Natchez

Alibamons and Coosadas

Choctaws and Chicasas

Southern Indians at the time of De Soto's expedition, Their social state (division into clans, worship of the sun, monarchical government; Natchez)

Tribes of Lower Louisiana, east and west of the Mississippi (great diversity of languages)

Sect. IV. Indians west of the Mississippi,

East of the Rocky Mountains

Sioux (Winebagoes, Dahcotas and Assiniboins, Shyennes, Minetares, Mandares, Crows, Quappas, Osages, Kansaws, Ioways, Missouris, Ottoes, Omahaws, Puncas,)

Pawnees and Ricaras; habits of western Indians

Black Feet, Rapid Indians, other erratic tribes

West of the Rocky Mountains: Want of vocabularies; Salish, Atnahs, Shoshonees, Chinooks

Sect. V. General Observations.

Climate; forests and prairies; geographical notices

Conjectures (Asiatic origin; semi-civilization of Mexico; ancient works in United States,)

Means of subsistence (hunter state; agricultural labor confined to women,)

Labor the only means of preserving and civilizing the Indians, (Cherokee civilization,)

Sect. VI. Indian Languages.

Diversity of vocabularies and similarity of grammatical forms; gender and number

Substantive verb; conversion of nouns, &c. into verbs, reciprocal; pronouns


Tenses and moods, compound words, multiplied forms, defective information

Suggestions respecting highly inflected languages

Grammatical forms in the earliest stages of society,


No. 1. Grammatical Notices.

Eskimaux; Athapascas

Algonkin-Lenape, (Massachusetts, Delaware, Chippeway, Micmac,)

Iroquois (Onondago, Huron or Wyandot,)


Sioux; Choctaw

Muskhogee; Araucanian

No.2. Specimens of Conjugations and Transitions

Notes to the Tables of Transitions, &c.

Cherokee Alphabet

No. 3. Note by the Publishing Committee, respecting Tribes on Northwest Coast of America


General Table

No.1. Comparative Vocabulary for Fifty-three Tribes

No. 2. Do. Sixteen Tribes

No. 3. Umfreville's Vocabulary

No.4. Miscellaneous Vocabularies

No. 5. Supplementary Vocabulary, (Muskhogee, Choctaw, Caddo, Mohawk, Seneca, Cherokee,)

Short Comparative Vocabulary of the Choctaw and Muskhogee


Muskhogee, Choctaw, Caddo

Ojibway, Cherokee, Seneca,

Supplementary Cherokee Transitions

The Lord's Prayer in Cherokee, Muskhogee, Choctaw, and Dahcota

Albert Gallatin (1761–1849) immigrated to the United States from Switzerland in the 1780s. He was U.S. Senator 1793, U.S. Representative 1795-1801, Secretary of the Treasury 1802-1814, Ambassador to France 1816-1823, Ambassador to Great Britain 1826-1827, co-founder New York University 1831, President of the Bank of the United States 1831-1839, co-founder American Ethnological Society 1842.

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American Studies | Canadian History | History | Indigenous Studies | Other American Studies | Race, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies | United States History

A Synopsis of the Indian Tribes Within the United States East of the Rocky Mountains, and in the British and Russian Possessions in North America