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The objective of the present study was to investigate endocrine control of LH in post-pubertal boars with large testes. Eight boars with the highest estimated paired testis weights from a line selected for large testes and nine boars from a line selected at random were used. Blood samples were collected over a 13-h period at weekly intervals for 4 wk. Samples were collected at 12-min intervals for 12 h before and 1 h after exogenous LHRH. Boars were bled when they were intact during the initial week. The second and third blood collections were 7 and 14 d after castration. The fourth bleeding occurred 7 d after exogenous 17β-estradiol (E2) replacement. In intact boars, mean LH was similar between boars from the two groups, but amplitude of pulses of LH was lower in intact boars with large testes than in boars from the control line. Maximum concentration of LH after administration of LHRH was less in boars with large testes than in boars from the control group. Seven days after castration, characteristics of LH measured did not differ between males from the two groups. However, 14 d after castration, amplitude of pulses of LH and maximum concentrations of LH after LHRH were less in males from the group with large testes than in males from the control group. After E2 administration, amplitude of pulses of LH tended to be lower in males from the group with large testes than in males from the control group. Therefore, amplitude of pulses of LH and responsiveness of the anterior pituitary to LHRH are suppressed in porcine males with larger testes compared with males from a control group both before and after castration.