Comparison of Circulating Concentrations of Reproductive Hormones in Boars of Lines Selected for Size of Testes or Number of Ovulations and Embryonal Survival to Concentrations in Respective Control Lines
Date of this Version
The objectives of this study were to determine whether circulating concentrations of gonadotropins and gonadal hormones of boars were altered as a result of selection of pigs for size of testes or for embryonal survival and(or) number of ovulations. Included in Exp. 1 and 2 were boars with the greatest estimated paired weight of testes (TS) and boars from a control (C) line. Concentrations of FSH were similar (P > .10) in boars from the TS and C lines. In Exp. 3, 4, and 5, circulating concentrations of FSH and 17β-estradiol (E2) were evaluated in neonates, during pubertal development, and in mature boars of lines selected for an index of number of ovulations and embryonal survival ( I ) , and data were compared to those for boars from a respective C line. Concentrations of E2 were not different in boars from the I line and those from the C line during the early neonatal period but were greater (P< .05) in boars of the C line than in those from the I line during pubertal development. Concentrations of FSH were greater (P < .05) in mature boars from the I line than in those from the C line. In summary, selection for size of testes did not influence circulating concentrations of FSH in mature boars. The secretory pattern of E2 in boars before puberty changed as a result of selection for embryonal survival and number of ovulations in females of the I line, and the different patterns of circulating E2 early in life may result in enhanced circulating concentrations of FSH in adult boars of the I line compared with boars of the C line.