Parasitology, Harold W. Manter Laboratory of

 

Date of this Version

1999

Comments

Published in the Journal of Parasitology (1999) 85(3): 496-503. Copyright 1999, the American Society of Parasitologists. Used by permission.

Abstract

Twenty species of bats (Molossidae, Vespertilionidae) were collected from California, New Mexico, Oregon, South Carolina, Utah, and Baja California Norte (Mexico), and 29 of 404 (7%) animals, including Antrozous pallidus, Eptesicusfuscus, Myotis auriculus, Myotis californicus, Myotis ciliolabrum, Myotis evotis, Myotis lucifugus, Myotis thysanodes, Myotis vivesi, Myotis volans, Myotis yumanensis, and Nycticeius humeralis were infected with Eimeria spp., which represent 6 new species. Sporulated oocysts of a new species from A. pallidus are subspheroidal, 24.8 × 21.6 (22-27 × 19-24) μm with a polar granule and a large globular residuum. The oocyst wall is sculptured, with 2 layers, ~1.5 μm thick. Ovoidal sporocysts are 11.5 × 7.8 (9-13 × 7-10) μm, with Stieda body and residuum of many large granules. Sporulated oocysts of a new species from M. californicus are subspheroidal, 20.7 × 18.2 (19-23 × 16-20) μm, with 1-7 tiny polar granules, but without oocyst residuum. The oocyst wall is rough, with 2 layers, ~1.4 μm thick. Ovoidal sporocysts are 11.2 × 7.3 (10-12 × 7-8) μm, with Stieda body and a globular residuum. Sporulated oocysts of a second new species from M. californicus are subspheroidal, 23.1 × 20.7 (20-26 × 19-23) μm, with residuum and 1 polar granule, but a micropyle is absent. The oocyst wall is rough with 2 layers, ~1.5 μm thick. Ovoidal sporocysts are 12.5 × 7.2 (11-14 × 7-8) μm, with a Stieda body and residuum. Sporulated oocysts of a new species from M. ciliolabrum are subspheroidal, 24.9 × 20.1 (18-27 × 17-23) μm, with 1-2 polar granules, but without micropyle and residuum. The oocyst wall is rough with 2 layers, ~1.5 μm thick. Ellipsoidal sporocysts are 12.5 × 9.0 (8-14 × 7-10) μm, with Stieda and substieda bodies and residuum. Sporulated oocysts of a new species from M. evotis are subspheroidal, 21.3 × 18.6 (20-24 × 15-20) μm, with a prominent polar granule, but without micropyle and residuum. The oocyst wall is smooth with 2 layers, ~1.0 thick. Ovoidal sporocysts are 12.2 × 8.0 (11-13 × 7.5-9) μm, with Stieda and substieda bodies and residuum. Sporulated oocysts of the new species from N. humeralis are subspheroidal, 22.4 × 18 (21-24 × 17-20) μm, with 1-3 polar granules, but residuum and micropyle are absent. The oocyst wall is lightly sculptured with 2 layers, ~1.4 μm thick. Ovoidal sporocysts are 10.9 × 7.7 (9-12 × 6-8) μm, with Stieda body and residuum. Sporulated oocysts of E. pilarensis Scott and Duszynski, 1997 and those of at least 12 other morphological forms were seen in the other infected bats; these latter forms were seen in too few numbers to be adequately described as new species.