Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy

 

Date of this Version

December 1987

Comments

Published by American Institute of Physics. J. Appl. Phys.62, 4821 (1987). © 1987 American Institute of Physics. Permission to use. Journal home page = http://jap.aip.org/jap/.

Abstract

Measurements of the transport critical-current density (Jc), magnetization Jc, and magnetoresistance in a number of bulk sintered samples of Y1Ba2Cu3O χ from several different laboratories indicate that the transport Jc is limited by weak-link regions between high Jc regions. The weak-link Jc has a Josephson character, decreasing by two orders of magnitude as the magnetic field is increased from 0.1 to 10 mT at 77 K. An examination of the grain-boundary region in Y1Ba2Cu3O χ shows no observable impurities or second phases to the scale of the [001] lattice planes (~12 Å). The effect of intrinsic conduction anisotropy is discussed. A current-transfer model is proposed in which weak conduction along the c axis plays a role in limiting Jc at grain boundaries. Orienting the grains in the powder state during processing may result in enhanced transport Jc in bulk conductors.

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