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Abstract

It is well established that the 21st century literate student needs to be able to effectively craft and interpret texts that use multiple communicative modes. Graphic novels are one text type that facilitates such literacy instruction, as the seamless relationship between words, image, and sound (in the form of sound effects) are inherent to the medium. Though there is a wealth of scholarship on the importance of how reading graphic novels facilitate multimodal literacy, there is less scholarship on how writing graphic novels facilitate multimodal literacy. This article demonstrates not only how writing graphic novels enables multimodal literacy, but also provides an overview of five graphic novel creation applications that could be used in the post-secondary or secondary classroom: ToonDoo, Comic Life, Graphix Comic Creator, Creaza Cartoonist, and Microsoft Word. For each application, we offer strengths, limitations, and a recommendation for use.