Date of this Version
Vogel, K.P., K.J. Moore, and L.W. Moser. 1996. Bromegrasses. p.535-567. In:L.E. Moser, D. Buxton, and M.D. Casler(eds.) Cool-season forage grasses. Agronomy Monograph. ASA,CSSA,SSSA, Madison, WI.
The bromegrasses belong to the genus Bromus of which there are some 100 species (Gould & Shaw, 1983). The genus includes both annual and perennial cool season species adapted to temperate climates. Hitchcock (1971) described 42 bromegrass species found in the USA and Canada of which 22 were native (Gould & Shaw, 1983). Bromus is the Greek word for oat and refers to the panicle inflorescence characteristic of the genus. The bromegrasses are C3 species (Krenzer et aI., 1975; Waller & Lewis, 1979).