Agricultural Economics Department


Date of this Version



A.J. Jakeman et al. (eds.), Integrated Groundwater Management


Copyright The Author(s) 2016

Open access

DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-23576-9_20


This chapter provides an overview of the issues and challenges facing policy makers intending to establish groundwater markets. It studies in detail two developed countries that have introduced groundwater trading and have some experience in its implementation—Australia and the United States of America— and draws out lessons from these countries that need to be considered for the development of groundwater markets around the world. The key lessons that this chapter stresses are: the importance of establishing institutions and regulations; investing in high quality economic and scientific research; that opportunities arise from crises; and that social concerns are not always the most important considerations to be aware of for efficient and effective groundwater markets.