Agricultural Leadership, Education, and Communication, Department of


Document Type


Date of this Version

September 2000


Published in Journal of Adult Development, Vol. 7, No. 3 (2000), pp. 161–169. Copyright © 2000 Plenum Publishing Corporation/Springer Verlag. Used by permission.


This paper presents a normative pedagogical model that integrates leadership theory, student development, and cognitive/ego development. The first step, assessment of students’ developmental stage/ needs, uses a developmental model to assess students’ developmental and motivational needs. The second step, selection of teaching style, incorporates leadership literature to develop teaching styles selected based on the developmental and motivational needs of students. The third step in the continuous process, evaluation of outcomes, involves assessment of either continued development and/or increased student motivation and improved student learning. Research and teaching implications of the proposed model are also discussed.