Department of Agricultural Leadership, Education, and Communication


Date of this Version



Ramthun, A., & Matkin, G. (2012). Multicultural shared leadership: A conceptual model of shared leadership in culturally diverse teams. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 19(3), 301-312. DOI: 10.1177/1548051812444129.


Copyright © 2012 Baker College; published by SAGE Publications. Used by permission.


This conceptual article reviews relevant literature to develop propositions forming a model of multicultural shared leadership. First, an examination of the definitions of culture finds consensus on culture as a system. Second, a review of the developmental model of intercultural sensitivity introduces the concept of intercultural competence. Third, an exploration into the theoretical foundations of vertical and shared leadership develops primary themes. Finally, the formation of propositions and a conceptual model invites researchers to study the moderating impact of intercultural competence on culturally diverse teams and shared leadership. Theoretical and practical implications, limitations, and recommendations are discussed.