Animal Science Department


Date of this Version

July 1967


Published in Journal of Nutrition Vol. 92 No. 3 July 1967, pp. 293-302. Copyright © 1967 by American Society for Nutrition. Online at:


The effects of feeding diets containing no fat, 3% hydrogenated coconut oil (HCO) or graded levels (0.1, 0.5, 1.0 or 3%) of safflower oil (SO) on serum cholesterol, lipids and protein level; on total heart and liver cholesterol and lipid level and on growth rate and skin condition were studied in weanling Yorkshire and Yorkshire x Hampshire pigs. Pigs fed the fat-free diet for 21 weeks developed severe skin lesions not observed in pigs fed HCO diets. Highly significant elevation of serum, liver and heart lipid and liver cholesterol, and a highly significant depression of total serum protein were observed with the feeding of HCO or fat-free diets. Serum cholestrol was significantly increased by HCO as compared with the fat-free diet or diets containing SO during the repletion period. Total heart cholesterol, growth rate and erythrocyte fragility were unaffected by diets. It is concluded that growth rate is not adversely affected in the pig by fat-free diets and that HCO does not produce skin lesions in the pig characteristic of fatty acid deficiency. Of all the correlation coefficients analyzed, only the serum cholesterol and total serum lipids were consistently highly significantly correlated, while serum protein was significantly inversely related to the total liver lipid.