Animal Science Department


Date of this Version



Published in J. Anim. Sci. 1993. 71:1419-1428.


Records (2,910) of birth (BWT), weaning (WW), and yearling weight (YW) of F1 calves produced in a top-cross experiment involving Angus, Hereford, Pooled Hereford, Charolais, Limousin, Simmental, Gelbvieh, Maine-Anjou, Chianina, Tarentaise, Shorthorn, and Salers bulls mated to Hereford and Angus cows and records (4,592) of WW on three-breed-cross calves out of 986 F1 females of the same breed crosses were used in this study. The purposes were to estimate how much of the EPD of the sires was realized in crossbred calves and to estimate sire breed effects for the traits adjusted for genetic trend and sire sampling. Published EPD for BWT, WW, YW, net maternal ability (MLK), and maternal WW (MAT) were used. Average regressions (kilograms/kilogram ± SE) of BWT, WW, and YW of F1 calves on EPD of the sire were 1.04 ± .l0, .88 ± .11, and 1.40 ± .11, respectively. The regressions (b, kilograms/kilogram) were similar to the expected values of 1.0 except for YW. For WW of three-waycross calves on MLK EPD of the maternal grandsire, b was 1.02 ± .11, which was not different from the expected value of 1.0. Estimated sire-breed means were adjusted to a 1982 genetic base by adding b times the difference of the 1982-breed-mean EPD and mean EPD of sires used in the study. Three different adjustments were compared using the b pooled across breeds, a separate b for each breed, and the expected b of 1.0. In general, the adjustments tended to regress breed of sire means toward the average of all breeds, particularly for BWT and WW of F1 calves, and for WW of three-breed crosses. The effect of type of adjustment varied among breeds, but in most cases small differences resulted from using average or expected b. For WW, the range for net maternal effects among breeds was larger than that for direct breed effects .