Date of this Version
Meat Science 133 (2017) 36–42.
This study evaluated the effects of sodium chloride reduction and replacement with potassium chloride or modified potassium chloride based salts using a weight or molar equivalent basis on the sensory and physicochemical properties of pork sausage patties. Three independent replications of pork sausage patties were manufactured to compare five treatments: full sodium, reduced sodium, modified potassium chloride weight based replacement, modified potassium chloride molar based replacement, and standard potassium chloride weight based replacement. Salt replacement did not affect (P > 0.05) moisture, protein, fat, textural properties, lipid oxidation, or redness. Sausage patties with modified potassium chloride were more acceptable than those with standard potassium chloride (P < 0.001). Using modified potassium chloride replaced on a molar equivalent basis resulted in samples with more similar sensory characteristics to the full sodium control than replacement on a weight equivalent basis. The use of modified potassium chloride reduced sodium and improved sodium:potassium ratios while other changes in composition or physico-chemical characteristics were minimal.