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Windrow grazing is a strategy where livestock directly graze windrow-stored forage, generally during a time when packaged hay is provided. We evaluated calf performance, forage quality and waste, and determined economic returns under windrow grazing and bale-fed strategies. Quality of windrow- stored forage remained constant through fall and winter and resulted in adequate calf gains. Forage waste under windrow grazing was closely associated with grazing management. Economic analysis indicated costs for windrow grazing were substantially less than those associated with a bale feeding strategy. Correspondingly, net returns per head and acre were greater for windrow grazing compared to the bale-fed strategy.