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The effect of winter rate of gain on subsequent grazing and finishing performance was evaluated using 80 medium- framed steers. During the winter period, steers were fed to achieve gains of approximately .7 (low gain; 40 head) or 1.7 lb/day (high gain; 40 head). Warm-season Sandhills range was grazed by 20 low-gain and 20 high-gain steers, while the other 40 grazed bromegrass pasture from May to September. Both low- and high-gain cattle grazing brome pasture gained slower than those grazing sandhills range. During summer grazing, low-gain cattle gained faster than high-gain cattle, but compensated for only 19.9% (sandhills) and 18.7% (brome) of the weight deficit following the low-gain winter treatment.