Biochemistry, Department of


Document Type


Date of this Version



Published in Briefings in Bioinformatics, 2020, 19p.

doi: 10.1093/bib/bbaa236


Copyright © 2020 Anna Niarakis and Tomáš Helikar. Published by Oxford University Press. Used by permission.


Mechanistic computational models enable the study of regulatory mechanisms implicated in various biological processes. These models provide a means to analyze the dynamics of the systems they describe, and to study and interrogate their properties, and provide insights about the emerging behavior of the system in the presence of single or combined perturbations. Aimed at those who are new to computational modeling, we present here a practical hands-on protocol breaking down the process of mechanistic modeling of biological systems in a succession of precise steps. The protocol provides a framework that includes defining the model scope, choosing validation criteria, selecting the appropriate modeling approach, constructing a model and simulating the model. To ensure broad accessibility of the protocol, we use a logical modeling framework, which presents a lower mathematical barrier of entry, and two easy-to-use and popular modeling software tools: Cell Collective and GINsim. The complete modeling workflow is applied to a well-studied and familiar biological process—the lac operon regulatory system. The protocol can be completed by users with little to no prior computational modeling experience approximately within 3 h.