Date of this Version
Partially purified Met-tRNAf binding factor, eIF-2, was phosphorylated by using heme-regulated inhibitor (HRI). Phosphorylated eIF-2 was freed from HRI by phosphocellulose column chromatography. Analysis by isoelectric focusing showed 100% phosphorylation of the 38,000-dalton subunit of eIF-2. Both eIF-2 and eIF-2(P) formed ternary complexes with Met-tRNAf and GTP with almost the same efficiency, and in both cases the ternary complex formation was drastically inhibited by prior addition of Mg2+. However, whereas the ternary complexes formed with eIF-2 could be stimulated by Co-eIF-2C at 1 mM Mg2+ and dissociated by Co-eIF-2B at 5 mM Mg2+, the ternary complexes formed with eIF-2(P) were unresponsive to both Co-eIF-2B and Co-eIF-2C. Also under conditions of eIF-2 phosphorylation, HRI drastically inhibited AUG-dependent Met-tRNAf binding to 40S ribosomes. However, HRI (in the presence of ATP) had no effect on the joining of preformed Met-tRNAf•40S•AUG complex to the 60S ribosomal subunit to form Met-tRNAf•80S•AUG complex. These studies suggest that HRI inhibits protein synthesis initiation by phosphorylation of the 38,000-dalton subunit of eIF-2. HRIphosphorylated eIF-2 does not interact with at least two other protein factors, Co-eIF-2B and Co-eIF-2C, and is thus inactive in protein synthesis initiation.