Computer Science and Engineering, Department of


Date of this Version



Hindawi Publishing Corporation, EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, Volume 2010, Article ID 620307, 14 pages


Copyright © 2010 A. R. Silva and M. C. Vuran. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License


Wireless Underground Sensor Networks (WUSNs) constitute one of the promising application areas of the recently developed wireless sensor networking techniques. WUSN is a specialized kind of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) that mainly focuses on the use of sensors that communicate through soil. Recent models for the wireless underground communication channel are proposed but few field experiments were realized to verify the accuracy of the models. The realization of field WUSN experiments proved to be extremely complex and time-consuming in comparison with the traditional wireless environment. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work that proposes guidelines for the development of an outdoor WUSN testbed with the goals of improving the accuracy and reducing of time for WUSN experiments. Although the work mainly aims WUSNs, many of the presented practices can also be applied to generic WSN testbeds.