Electrical & Computer Engineering, Department of


Date of this Version



United States Patent Liphardt et al. Patent No.: US 7,623,237 B1


A spectroscopic system for adjusting spacing between an adjacent source/detector as a unit, and a sample, and a reflecting means for directing an incident beam which refelcts from said sample back onto said sample and then into the detector along a locus which is in a plance of incidence that is offset from that of the incident beam, or directly from the reflecting means into the detecor, including means for reducing reflections of a beam fo electromagnetic from the back of a sample, including methodology of use.