Child, Youth, and Family Studies, Department of


Date of this Version



Published in Violence Against Women 16:5 (2010), pp 579–600.

DOI: 10.1177/1077801210367643


Copyright © 2010 Lynda M. Baker, Rochelle L. Dalla, and Celia Williamson. Published by SAGE Publications. Used by permission.


Exiting street-level prostitution is a complex, convoluted process. Few studies have described this process within any formal conceptual framework. This article reviews two general models and two prostitution-specific models and their applicability to the exiting process. Barriers encountered as women attempt to leave the streets are identified. Based on the four models, the barriers, the prostitution literature, and the authors’ experience with prostituted women, a new integrated six-stage model that is comprehensive in scope and sensitive to women’s attempts to exit prostitution is offered as a foundation for continued research on the process of women leaving the streets.