Date of this Version
APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, OCt. 1985, p. 919-923 Vol. 50, No. 4
Two strains of Penicillium digitatum and one strain of Penicillium italicum were exposed to various levels of sorbic acid and potassium sorbate, and the MICs were determined. Selected strains of the molds were then repeatedly exposed to subinhibitory levels of the compounds to determine whether increased tolerance might develop. The MIC of sorbic acid (pH 4.75) to P. digitatum was between 0.02 and 0.025%. The MIC of sorbate (pH 5.5) to two strains of P. digitatum and P. italicum was found to be between 0.06 and 0.08%. Increasing levels of sorbate resulted in increasing growth suppression of the molds. Populations of P. digitatum were tested for increased tolerance to sorbic acid, and none was found. Individual molds that started from the same parent colony were examined for increased tolerance to potassium sorbate. Two P. digitatum strains developed no observable increased tolerance, but P. italicum developed a slight increase in tolerance to sorbate. When spores of P. italicum and P. digitatum were exposed to higher levels of sorbate for prolonged times, the fungicidal or fungistatic activity of the inhibitor was dependent upon pH, length of exposure time, level of sorbate, and the mold strain.