Food Science and Technology Department


Date of this Version



International Journal of Nanomedicine 2013: 8 2213–2225.


Copyright © 2013 Petersen et al, publisher and licensee Dove Medical Press Ltd. This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


Several challenges are associated with current vaccine strategies, including repeated immunizations, poor patient compliance, and limited approved routes for delivery, which may hinder induction of protective immunity. Thus, there is a need for new vaccine adjuvants capable of multi-route administration and prolonged antigen release at the site of administration by providing a depot within tissue. In this work, we designed a combinatorial platform to investigate the in vivo distribution, depot effect, and localized persistence of polyanhydride nanoparticles as a function of nanoparticle chemistry and administration route. Our observations indicated that the route of administration differentially affected tissue residence times. All nanoparticles rapidly dispersed when delivered intranasally but provided a depot when administered parenterally. When amphiphilic and hydrophobic nanoparticles were administered intranasally, they persisted within lung tissue. These results provide insights into the chemistry- and route-dependent distribution and tissue-specific association of polyanhydride nanoparticle-based vaccine adjuvants.

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