Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln



Abusin, K. A., Zainab, A. N. (2010). Exploring library anxiety among Sudanese university students. Malaysian Journal of Library & Information Science, 15(1), 55-81.

Anwar, M. A., Al-Kandari, N. M., & Al-Qallaf, C. L. (2004). Use of Bostick's library anxiety scale on undergraduate biological sciences students of Kuwait University. Library & Information Science Research, 26(2), 266-283. doi:10.1016/j.lisr.2004.01.007

Ben-Jacob, M. G., Liebman, J. T. (2010). Technophobia and effective use of library resources at the college/university level. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 38(1), 35-38. doi:10.2190/ET.38.1.d

Bostick, S. L. (1992). The development and validation of the Library Anxiety Scale. (PhD ‎dissertation), Wayne State University, Michigan. Retrieved from

Derven, B. (2004). Useful theory for librarianship: Communication, not information. Drexel Library Quarterly, 13(3), 16-32.

Eccles, J. (1982). Sex differences in achievement patterns. Retrieved from Washington D. C.:

Erfanmanesh, M. A., & Didgah, F. (2011). Library anxiety challenges of effective use of library services. Monthly Book of Generalities, 14(6), 43-54.

Erfanmanesh, M. A., & Basirian Jahromi, R. (2011). Studying the influence of training library skills and providing tours of familiarity with library on library anxiety of the students. Knowledge Science, 4(15), 43-52.

Erickson, T. E. (1987). Sex differences in student attitudes towards computers. University of California, Berkeley.

Fančovičová, J., Prokop, P. (2008). Students’ attitudes toward computer use in Slovakia." Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 4(3), 255–262.

Fennema, E., Sherman, J. (1977). Sex –related differences in mathematics achievement, spatial visualization and affective factors. American Educational Research Journal, 14(1), 51-71. doi:10.3102/00028312014001051

Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, attitude, intentions, and behavior. An introduction to theory and research. Boston: Addison - Wesley.

Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1980). Understanding attitudes and predicting social behaviour. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. .

Gardner, D. G., Discenza, R., & Dukes, R. L. (1993). The measurement of computer attitudes: An empirical comparison of available scales. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 9(4), 487-507. doi:10.2190/DXLM-5J80-FNKH-PP2L

Gressard, C. P., Loyd, & H., B. (1987). An investigation of the effects of math anxiety and sex on computer attitudes. School Science and Mathematics, 87(2), 125-135. doi:10.1111/j.1949-8594.1987.tb11684.x

Gross, M., & D., L. (2007). Attaining information literacy: An investigation of the relationship between skill levels, self-estimates of skill, and library anxiety. Library & Information Science Research, 29(3), 332-353. doi:10.1016/j.lisr.2007.04.012

Hariri, N., Nemati Lafmajani, S. (2009). Estimating library anxiety the students of Rehabilitation Department of Medical Sciences College of Shiraz University. Knowledge Science Quarterly 2(7), 39-52.

Jiao, Q. C., Onwuegbuzie, A. J., & Waytowich, V. L. (2008). The relationship between citation errors and library anxiety: An empirical study of doctoral students in education. Information Processing and Management, 44(2), 948-956. doi:10.1016/j.ipm.2007.05.007

Jiao, Q. G., & J., O. A. (2004). The impact of information technology on library anxiety: The role of computer attitudes. Information Technology and Libraries, 23(4), 138-142.

Jiao, Q. G., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (1998). Understanding library anxious graduate student. Library Review, 47(4), 217-224. doi:

Jiao, Q. G., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2001). Library anxiety and characteristics strengths and weakness of graduate student’s study habits. Library Review, 50 (2):73-78. doi:

Jiao, Q. G., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2002). Dimensions of library anxiety and social interdependence: implications of library services. Library Review, 51(2), 71-78. doi:

Jiao, Q. G., Onwuegbuzie, A. J., & Bostick, S. L. (2004). Racial differences in library anxiety among graduate students. Library Review, 53(4), 228-235. doi:10.1108/00242530410531857

Jokar, A. R., Taherian, A. S. (2008). Investigation and comparison of the amount of library anxiety Shiraz university educational department students based on the Bostick scale of library anxiety. Educational and Psychological Researches, 4(10), 135-159.

Keefer, J. A. (1993). The hungry rates syndrome: library anxiety, information literacy, and the academic reference process. Reference Quarterly, 32, 333-339.

Khadivi, S. (2003). Reviewing library anxiety in libraries of universities. Book Quarterly, 15(1), 109-114.

Khadivi, S., Abedi, M., & Shabani, A. (2007). Studying library anxiety and electronic resources anxiety among the students in Isfahan University. Educational and Psychological Studies Quarterly, 8(3), 115-126.

Korobili, S., Togia, A., & Malliari, A. (2010). Computer anxiety and attitudes among undergraduate students in Greece. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(3), 399-405. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2009.11.011

Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30, 607-610. doi:10.1177/001316447003000308

Kwon, N., Onwuegbuzie, A. J., Alexander, L. (2007). Critical thinking disposition and library anxiety: Affective domains on the space of information seeking and use in academic libraries. College and Research Libraries, 68(3), 268-278. doi:10.5860/crl.68.3.268

Mellon, C. A. (2004). Library Anxiety: a grounded theory and its development. College and Research, Libraries 47(2), 160-165. doi:10.5860/crl_47_02_160

Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (1997). Writing a research proposal: The role of anxiety, statistics anxiety, and composition anxiety. Library & Information Science Research, 19(1), 5-33. doi:10.1016/S0740-8188(97)90003-7

Parasuraman, S., & Igbaria, M. (1990). An examination of gender differences in the determinants of computer anxiety and attitudes toward microcomputers among managers. . International Journal of Man-Machine Studies 32(3), 327-340. doi:10.1016/S0020-7373(08)80006-5

Pass, D. R. (2005). Effects of professional development initiative on technology innovation in the elementary school. (Doctoral Dissertation), University of North Florida, Florida State. Retrieved from:

Raub, A. C. (1981). Correlates of computer anxiety in college students. (PhD. Dissertation), University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania. Retrieved from:

Richardson, J. W., Nash, J. B., & Flora, K. L. (2014). Unsystematic technology adoption in Cambodia: Students' perceptions of computer and internet use. International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT), 10(2), 63-76.

Siann, G. M., H. Glissov, P. Durndell, A. (1990). The effect of computer use on gender differences in attitudes to computers. Computers in Education, 14, 183-191. doi:10.1016/0360-1315(90)90058-F

Spielberger, C. D., Anton, W. D., & Bedell, J. (1976). The nature and treatment of test anxiety. In C. D. S. a. M. Zuckerman (Ed.), Emotions and anxiety: New concept, method and applications, 317-346. Oxford, England: Lawrence Erlbaum. (pp. 357). New York: Psychology Press.

Tajeddini, O., & Mousavi, A. (2010). Library anxiety: explaining the relationship between library environment and the stress of library users. Monthly Book of Generalities, 151, 94-99.

Woodrow, J. E. J. (1991). A comparison of four computer attitude scales. Journal of Educational Computing Research. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 7(2), 165-187.

Xie, B., & Bugg, J. M. (2009). Public library computer training for older adults to access high-quality Internet health information. Library & Information Science Research, 31(3), 155. doi:

Yushau, B. (2006). Computer attitude, use, experience, software familiarity and perceived pedagogical usefulness: The case of mathematics professors. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 2(3), 1-17.



Purpose: the present study evaluated the relationship between library anxiety and attitude toward computer based on as integrated model of ATC and BELCAT of public libraries’ user.

Methodology: the study was conducted using the analytic survey. A sample of 370 participants was randomly selected out of 10757 users of public libraries in Dezful city, Khouzestan, Iran. To collect data for library anxiety, Bostick questionnaire and for computer attitude a questionnaire based on ATC and BELCAT models were used.

Findings: the results showed that the most important factor of distress based on the scale of Bostick was"the comfort with library (mean = 4.41) regarding the attitudes towards computer components of “computer appreciation" (mean ranks = 6.95) was reported as the most important factor. In addition, users' library anxiety and attitudes toward computer in terms of age and educational level were examined using one-way ANOVA; and Gender was also tested using the independent t-test, but no significant statistical difference was observed among these factors. The results indicated a significant relationship between library anxiety and user’s attitude toward computer (r=0.157) (p< 0.01). Also, it was found that attitudes toward computer can serve as an indicator of library anxiety.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.