Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln


Date of this Version




Association of College and Research Libraries, (2000). Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education. Chicago: ARCL. Retrieved on 21st of March, 2017 from

Bainton, T. (2001). Information literacy and academic libraries: the SCONUL approach. Proceedings of the 67th IFLA Council and General Conference, 16-25.

Bent, M (2008) Perceptions of Information Literacy in the transition to higher education. National Teaching Fellowship Report, Newcastle University. Retrieved on 3rd of April, 2017 from pub_details2.aspx?pub_id=55850

Bent, M. and Stubbings R. (2011). The SCONUL Seven Pillars of Information Literacy Skills: Core Model. Research Gate.

Breivik, P. (1989). American Library Association Presidential Committee on Information Literacy. Final Report. Chicago: American Library Association. Retrieved on 21st March, 2017 from http://www.ala.or/acrl/legalis.html

Bruce, C. S. (1997). The relational approach: a new model for information literacy. The New Review of Information and Library Research, 3, 1-22.

Bruce, C. S. (2000). Information Literacy Research: Dimensions of the Emerging Collective Consciousness. Australian Academic & Research Libraries, 31 (2), 91-109.

Burton, V. T. and Chadwick, S. A., (2000). Investigating the practices of student researchers: patterns of use and criteria for use of internet and library sources. Computers and Composition, 17 (3), 309–328.

Chartered Instituted of Library and Information Professionals (2004). Information Literacy: definition. Retrieve on 21st of March, 2017 from

D’Esposito, J. E. and Gardner, R. M., (1999). University students’ perceptions of the Internet: an exploratory study. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 25 (6), 456–461.

Doyle, C. S. (1992). Outcome measures for information literacy. Final report to the National Forum on Information Literacy. Syracuse NY: ERIC Clearing house, ED 351033

Durodolu O. O., Adekanye E. A., Olorunfemi D. Y. (2013). Information Literacy Skills of Art Subjects Teachers in Lagos State Senior Secondary Schools, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 14(6), 66-75.

Gross, M., & Latham, D. (2012). Addressing below proficient information literacy skills: Evaluating the efficacy of an evidence-based educational intervention. Library & Information Science Research, 35(3), 181-190.

Hepworth, M. (2006a). Approaches to Information Literacy Training in Higher Education: Challenges for Librarians. New Review of Academic Librarianship, 6, 21-34.

Hepworth, M. (2006b). The Challenge of Incorporating Information Literacy into the Undergraduate Curriculum. In S. Corrall and H. Hathaway, eds. Seven Pillars of Wisdom? Good practice in Information Literacy skills development. Proceedings of a conference held at the University of Warwick, 67, 22-31. London: SCONUL.

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Jackson, L. and Hansen, J., (2006). Creating collaborative partnerships: building the framework. Reference Services Review, 34 (4), 575–588. doi:10.1108/00907320610716468

Julien, H. and Barker, S., (2009). How high-school students find and evaluate scientific information: a basis for information literacy skills development. Library & Information Science Research, 31 (1), 12–17. doi:10.1016/j.lisr.2008.10.008

Kratochril, J. (2013). Evaluation of e-learning course, information literacy, for medical students. The Electronic Library, 31 (1), 55-69.

Kwok K. K. K., Ng T. D. J., Chu S. K. W., and Hu X. (2016). Information Literacy among Secondary School Students in Hong-Kong: Actual Abilities, Self-perceptions and Teachers’ Support. The 2016 CITE Research Symposium (CITERS 2016), The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 3-4, June 2016.

Lorenzen, M., (2001). The land of confusion?: high school students and their use of the World Wide Web for research. Research Strategies, 18, 151–163.

Machmias, R., Mioduser D. and Shemla, A., (2000). Internet usage by students in an Israeli high school. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 22 (1), 55-73.

Majid S., Chang Y., and Foo S. F. (2006). Auditing information literacy skills of secondary school students in Singapore. Journal of Information Literaccy, 10(1), 44-66.

Malliari A., Togia A., Korobili, S. and Nitsos I. (2014). Information literacy skills of Greek high school students: result of an empirical survey. Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries (QQML), 1, 271-281.

Merchant, L. and Hepworth, M., (2002). Information literacy of teachers and pupils in secondary schools. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 34 (2), 81–89. doi:10.1177/096100060203400203

Mezbah-ul-Islam M. and Ahmed M. U. (2011). Information Literacy Skills among Female Students of Rural Secondary School of Dhaka District, Bangladesh. A report of survey conducted in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Mittermeyer, D., (2005). Incoming first year undergraduate students: how information literate are they?. Education for Information, 23, 203–232.

Montgomery, P. (1997). Use of Information: The Information Literacy Phenomenon. In A. E. Tepe & J. Calarco (Eds.) A Handbook for Pathways to Knowledge. I. F. S. Follett’s Information Skills Model, McHenry: 8-10.

Pavey, S., (2006). School librarians and the Google generation. ALISS Quarterly, 2 (1), 3–7.

Pivec, F., (1998). Surfing through the Internet — the new content of teenagers’ spare time. Aslib Proceedings, 50 (4), 88–92.

Rader, H. (1991). Bibliographic Instruction or Information Literacy. College and Research Libraries, 51 (1), 18-20.

Rehman, S.U. and Alfaresi, S., (2009). Information literacy skills among female students in Kuwaiti high schools. Library Review, 58 (8), 607–616. doi:10.1108/00242530910987091

Saunders, L. (2012). Faculty perspectives on information literacy as a student learning outcomes. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 38 (4), 226-236.

SCONUL Working Group on Information Literacy (2011). The SCONUL Seven Pillars of Information Literacy. A Research Lens For Higher Education, 1-14, April 2011.

Seaman, N. H. (2001). Information Literacy: A Study of Freshman Students’ Perceptions, with Recommendations. Dissertation Submitted to the Faculty of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Curriculum and Instruction (Instructional Technology): Blacksburg, Virginia.

Sjöberg, U., (1999). The rise of the electronic individual: a study of how young Swedish teenagers use and perceive Internet. Telematics and Informatics, 16 (3), 113–133. doi:10.1016/S0736-5853(99)00023-4

Smith, J. K., Given, L. M., Julien, H., Ouellete, D., and DeLong, K. (2013). Information Literacy Proficiency: Assessing the Gap in High School Students’ Readiness for Undergraduates Academic Work. Library & Information Science Research, 35 (2), 88-96.

Snavely, L. and Cooper, N. (1997). The Information Literacy Debate. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 23 (1), 9-20.

Tan, M. H. M. and Theng, Y. L. (2006). Building Information Literacy through Project Work: A case study in Singapore. Paper presented at the proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Conference on Library and Information Education and Practice, (A-LIEP, 2006), Singapore.

Thompson, S. (2003). Information Literacy Meeting of Experts. A report on a conference sponsored by US National Commission on Library and Information Science and the National Forum on Information Literacy with the support of UNESCO. Prague, 20-23 September, 2003, 3. Retrieved on 21st March, 2017 from

Virkus, S. (2004). Review of: Online education and learning management systems: global e-learning in a Scandinavian perspective. Oslo: NKI Gorlaget, 2003. Information Research 9(2), review no. R126. Retrieved on 21st March, 2017 from

Webber, S. and Johnston, B. (2002). Assessment for information literacy, paper presented at the International Conference on IT and Information Literacy, 20th-22nd March, 2002, Glasgow, Scotland.

William, D. A. and Wavell C., (2006). Information Literacy in the Classroom: Secondary School Teachers’ Conceptions. Research Report 15, Department of Information Management: Aberdeen Business School, The Robert Gordon University.

Yu, H., Abrizah, A., and Mad Khir Johari, A. S. (2016). Information Literacy through Resource-based Learning: Malaysian Teachers’ Conception and Instructional Practices. Malaysian Journal of Library & Information Science 21, 53-67.

Zulkifpeli B., Yu H., and Ismail S. A. (2016). The Importance of Information Literacy Skills among High School Students. Research Hub, 2(2), 29-34.



This study examined the information literacy level among secondary school students in Ilorin. This study adopted the disproportionate stratified random sampling techniques. The total population for this study 1958 students. The data for the study was collected through structured questionnaires which were distributed randomly to 210 students. However, only 192 copies of the questionnaire were properly filled and returned for analysis and thus form the basis as sample for this study (N=192). The findings of the study revealed that more than half of the respondents can identify lack of knowledge in a subject area. The study also revealed that majority of the respondents can articulate current knowledge on a topic. Furthermore, it also revealed that a large number of the respondents cannot identify specialist search tools. Also, from the study, it was revealed that noteworthy numbers of the respondents do not use Boolean operators in their search for information. Conclusively, the study shows that information literacy skills are essential for every human being because information is vital to everyone and every walk of life. It was recommended that policy makers in education sector should try and introduce information literacy skills as a subject in the secondary school curriculum so as to ensure that the students have the necessary information literacy skills rather than developing these skills through self-education. It was also recommended that teachers that have skills in information literacy skills should be employed as the facilitators in this subject.



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