Mathematics, Department of


Date of this Version



PHYSICAL REVIEW A 94, 012114 (2016)


©2016 American Physical Society


When two qubits, A and B, are in an appropriate state, Alice can remotely steer Bob’s system B into different ensembles by making different measurements on A. This famous phenomenon is known as quantum steering, or Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen steering. Importantly, quantum steering establishes the correspondence not only between a measurement on A (made by Alice) and an ensemble of B (owned by Bob) but also between each of Alice’s measurement outcomes and an unnormalized conditional state of Bob’s system. The unnormalized conditional states of B corresponding to all possible measurement outcomes of Alice are called Alice’s steering outcomes. We show that, surprisingly, the four-dimensional geometry of Alice’s steering outcomes completely determines both the nonseparability of the two-qubit state and its steerability from her side. Consequently, the problem of classifying two-qubit states into nonseparable and steerable classes is equivalent to geometrically classifying certain four-dimensional skewed double cones.