Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Department of


Date of this Version



Published in International Journal of Applied Mechanics 3:4 (2011), pp. 803–823; doi: 10.1142/S175882511100124X Copyright © 2011 Imperial College Press. Used by permission


Blast wave induced a frequency spectrum and large deformation of the brain tissue. In this study, new material parameters for the brain material are determined from the experimental data pertaining to these large strain amplitudes and wide frequencies ranging (from 0.01 Hz to 10 MHz) using genetic algorithms. Both hyperelastic and viscoelastic behavior of the brain are implemented into 2D finite element models and the dynamic responses of brain are evaluated. The head, composed of triple layers of the skull, including two cortical layers and a middle dipole sponge-like layer, the dura, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the pia mater and the brain, is utilized to assess the effects of material model. The results elucidated that frequency ranges of the material play an important role in the dynamic response of the brain under blast loading conditions. An appropriate material model of the brain is essential to predict the blast-induced brain injury.