Modern Languages and Literatures, Department of


First Advisor

Dr. Isabel Velazquez

Second Advisor

Dr. Ingrid Robyn

Date of this Version

Summer 6-22-2023


Julio Gomez, Luisa Carolina. Archivo y Memoria: Una Mirada a Tres Historias de Mujeres Esclavizadas en el Virreinato de la Nueva Granada de Finales del Siglo XVIII. 2023. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, disertación doctoral.


A DISSERTATION Presented to the Faculty of The Graduate College at the University of Nebraska In Partial Fulfillment of Requirements For the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Major: Modern Languages & Literatures (Spanish), Under the Supervision of Professors Isabel Velázquez & Ingrid Robyn. Lincoln, Nebraska: June, 2023

Copyright © 2023 Luisa Carolina Julio Gómez


Colonial documents preserve information that allows us to know the local Andean history of the Viceroyalty of New Granada. These manuscripts reveal forms of violence that shaped the subjectivities of the time and the resistance of oppressed women. This dissertation examines the effects of slavery and the response of three enslaved women to that colonial violence. This analysis seeks to better understand and make visible how the intersection between racism and patriarchy impacted the lives of three racialized women in the colonial context.

This dissertation focuses on the experiences, struggles, and resistance of three women present in the manuscripts consigned in the Archivo General de la Nación (A.G.N.). These documents provide a deeper understanding of the historical reality and how racism and patriarchy operated in Andean colonial society. Three digitized legal documents are examined, including the case of Juana María de la Cruz, an enslaved woman sentenced to death for the infanticide of her two daughters: Eulalia and Mónica, which was open from 1796 to 1805; the case of María Luisa Galindo Porras, who sued for the freedom of her daughter María Antonia, which was open from 1790-1794; and finally, the case of María Bruna Álvarez del Pino, who sued for her own freedom in 1792. The research is complemented by additional sources, such as novels, studies, and research that address the subject of slavery in America during the colonial period. These sources broaden the view on the effects of slavery on enslaved women in the American context. This study offers a critical look at the stories of three enslaved women in the Viceroyalty of New Granada in the late eighteenth century. Through the analysis of colonial documents, we seek to enrich our understanding of the experiences and representations of these women and their resistance against oppression.

Advisors: Isabel Velázquez and Ingrid Robyn