Date of this Version
Systematic Parasitology 89:3 (November 2014), pp. 185–194.
Litosaccus n. g. is erected for Paralecithobotrys brisbanensis Martin, 1974 n. comb. for which an amended description is given. The new genus is morphologically similar to the haploporine Lecithobotrys Looss, 1902 but with a more elongate and cylindrical body; an infundibuliform oral sucker; a thin-walled hermaphroditic sac; a shallow genital atrium; and unequal, cylindrical, and elongated caeca. It also resembles Pseudolecithobotrys Blasco-Costa, Gibson, Balbuena, Raga & Kostadinova, 2009, but the only member of that genus has a hermaphroditic sac that is twice the length of the ventral sucker, a hermaphroditic duct with intensely staining cuboidal cells, an elongate testis, and single or paired caeca. A Bayesian inference analysis of partial 28S rDNA sequences of L. brisbanensis and 24 other haploporoids revealed that L. brisbanensis grouped with other haploporines and placed Intromugil Overstreet & Curran, 2005 in a clade with the chalcinotrematine Saccocoelioides Szidat, 1954 rather than the other seven tested waretrematine species. This analysis represents the first phylogenetic study of the Haploporidae Nicoll, 1914 that incorporates a haploporine from outside of the Mediterranean Sea.