Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy


Date of this Version



Archit Dhingra et al 2020 Semicond. Sci. Technol. 35 065009


CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 licence


The surface termination of In4Se3(001) and the interface of this layered trichalcogenide, with Au, was examined using x-ray photoemission spectroscopy. Low energy electron diffraction indicates that the surface is highly crystalline, but suggests an absence of C2v mirror plane symmetry. The surface termination of the In4Se3(001 is found, by angle-resolved x-ray photoemission spectroscopy, to be In, which is consistent with the observed Schottky barrier formation found with this n-type semiconductor. Transistor measurements confirm earlier results from photoemission, suggesting that In4Se3(001 is an n-type semiconductor, so that Schottky barrier formation with a large work function metal, such as Au, is expected. The measured low carrier mobilities could be the result of the contacts and would be consistent with Schottky barrier formation.