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Copyright © 2016 by the National Information Standards Organization. Used by permission.


The NISO Alternative Assessment Metrics Initiative was begun in July 2013 with funding from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and divided into two phases. Phase II of the Project, which began in late 2014, set out to develop standards covering particular action items identified in Phase I through the creation of three NISO working groups. This document represents the output of the working group tasked with the following action items:

1. To come up with specific definitions for the terms commonly used in alternative assessment metrics, enabling different stakeholders to talk about the same thing; and

2. To identify the main use cases for altmetrics and the stakeholder groups to which they are most relevant, and to develop a statement about the role of alternative assessment metrics in research evaluation

The following individuals served on NISO Altmetrics Initiative Working Group A, which developed and approved this Recommended Practice: Rachel Borchardt American University Library; Robin Chin Roemer University of Washington; Dianne Cmor Nanyang Technological University; Rodrigo Costas Centre for Science and Technology Studies, University of Leiden; Tracey DePellegrin Genetics Society of America; Sharon Dyas-Correia University of Toronto; Brigitte Jörg Thomson Reuters; Martha Kyrillidou Principal, Martha Kyrillidou & Associates; Jean Liu Altmetric; Joshua Lupkin Tulane University; Beth Martin University of North Carolina Charlotte, J. Murrey Atkins Library; Kim Mitchell SAGE Publications; Martin Fenner DataCite; Karen Gutzman Northwestern University Libraries; Michael Habib Independent, scholarly communications, publishing, library markets; Sharon Parkinson Emerald Publishing Group; Isabella Peters Leibniz Information Centre for Economics; Sheila Yeh University of Denver University Libraries