Lepidoptera Survey


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Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey (May 10, 2004) 4(7): 1-23

Also available at https://lepsurvey.carolinanature.com/ttr/ttr-4-7.pdf


Copyright 2004, International Lepidoptera Survey. Open access material

License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-SA-NC 4.0 International)


This paper’s purpose is to bring together in one resource a concise, but thorough, report on the current status of butterflies discussed in the Butterflies of Southern California by Thomas C. Emmel and John F. Emmel, published by the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, California, United States. 1973. This update deals primarily with new species or subspecies, taxonomic matters, and new distributional information. The family order follows A Catalogue / Checklist of the Butterflies of America North of Mexico by Clifford D. Ferris, editor, published by the Lepidopterists’ Society as Memoir No. 3, 1989. Species order follows the Emmel, Emmel & Mattoon checklist for California in Systematics of Western North American Butterflies, Thomas C. Emmel, editor, Mariposa Press Gainesville, Florida, United States (pages 825-836), 1998. The area delimited as southern California here is the same as in The Butterflies of Southern California, except that all of San Luis Obispo County is included. Readers will need to research several publications to read these changes since 1973.

The primary resources from which this updated information is drawn are: annual Season Summary reports published in the News of the Lepidopterists’ Society, various scientific journals (including Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society, Bulletin of the Allyn Museum, and Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera) and articles and information reported by various researchers and observers. Much such information is found in the Systematics publication. In Systematics, there are 73 chapters written by a number of authors, with many of the chapters including information on the southern California fauna. Information for Kern County is found in Butterflies of North America 3. Butterflies of Kern and Tulare Counties, California by Ken Davenport, published as a contribution of the C. P. Gillette Museum of Arthopod Diversity, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States.