Department of Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education


Date of this Version



This book, which is in Spanish, was commissioned and published by Mexico's Secretaría de Educación Pública. By intent and formal agreement it is to be made available at no cost and should be disseminated as broadly as possible. Here is the full citation: Zúñiga, V., Hamann, E. T., & Sánchez García, J. (2009). Alumnos transnacionales: Las escuelas mexicanas frente a la globalización. Mexico, DF: Secretaria de Educación Pública.


Counter to the expectations that Mexico-U.S. migration is one-way, adult, and from Mexico to the United States, this Spanish-language book includes nine chapters describing various facets of the lives and educational circumstances of students encountered in Mexican schools who have previously attended U.S. schools. Data were derived from written questionnaires from a sample of more than 24,000 students in the Mexican states of Zacatecas and Nuevo León, of whom 632 had U.S. school experience and/or a U.S. birthplace and thereby American citizenship, and from more than 125 interviews with transnational students and their teachers. This study variously considers transnational students' age, gender, time and grade-level(s) of U.S. school experience and other demographic and biographic variables; achievement and attitudinal variables, like English proficiency, educational aspirations, and impressions of U.S. and Mexican schools; familial variables, like family members participation in international migration; and school variables, like teacher awareness of and attitudes towards transnational students and concentrations of transnational students. The book also describes preliminary efforts to adapt teacher preparation in Mexico to include raising awareness about the possible presence and needs of transnational students.