U.S. Department of Defense


Date of this Version



Published in Hydraulic Engineering: Saving a Threatened Resource—In Search of Solutions: Proceedings of the Hydraulic Engineering sessions at Water Forum ’92. Baltimore, Maryland, August 2–6, 1992. Published by American Society of Civil Engineers.


During non-generation periods, leakage through the wicket gates of a hydroturbine often results in very poor quality water (low or zero dissolved oxygen) in the tailrace of the hydropower facility. Generally, the leakage rate is relatively small, usually about 5-10 cfs per turbine. A bottom-mounted diffuser system was designed based on laboratory-measured and manufacturer-supplied specifications about the gas transfer characteristics of the bubble plume generated by an 11- inch flexible head diffuser. The design criteria and the overall effectiveness of the system were evaluated in field tests at Lake Eufaula, Oklahoma. The analysis of field data is reported herein.