U.S. Department of Agriculture: Agricultural Research Service, Lincoln, Nebraska


Date of this Version



Green, B. W. 2015. Fertilisers in aquaculture. In D. A. Davis, Ed., Feeds and Feeding Practices in Aquaculture, Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge, UK, pp. 27-52.


US Gov't work. Feed and Feeding Practices in Aquaculture. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-100506-4.00002-7


Pond fertilization is an important component of semi-intensive to intensive aquaculture pond management that supports successful production of the culture organism. Semi-intensive and intensive aquaculture pond management fall along the extensive to hyper-intensive management continuum and are characterized by high stocking rate of the culture animal, limited use of fertilizers, use of compound or complete feeds, and water quality monitoring and management, including use of mechanical aeration. Fertilization contributes to establishing and maintaining a pond environment that allows the culture organism to utilize efficiently the compound or complete feeds offered. This chapter presents information on pond food webs, sources and form in water of macronutrients required by phytoplankton, chemical and organic fertilizer, fertilizer solubility, fertilization frequency, and examples of pond fertilization regimes.