U.S. Department of Agriculture: Agricultural Research Service, Lincoln, Nebraska


Date of this Version



Popma and Green, 1990. Sex reversal of tilapia in earthen ponds. International Center for Aquaculture, Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University, Research and Development Series No. 35.


This Aquacultural Production Manual from the International Center for Aquaculture at Auburn University is oriented towards field application rather than rigorous scientific evaluation of the described techniques. The management practices have been field tested and proven feasible at the described scale of production.

The intended readers are intermediate to upper level technicians with experience in related aquacultural activities. As such, a basic understanding of the principles of aquatic production and of the life history and environmental requirements of tilapia is presumed.